Contributions by Apple Employees

This marks the third in GovPredict’s analysis of the giving patterns of employees of major American corporations. After the interest shown in our first two pieces, both of which looked at major tech companies (Alphabet and Amazon, respectively), we have decided to continue analyzing tech companies, and today we study Apple.

Our process resembled the one employed for Alphabet and Amazon:

We first identified all the variants of employer name Apple employees have used on campaign filings when making contributions. In a process called deduplication, we found 119 different variants, including “Apple. IINC,” “Apple Computer Co.,” and “Apple Tech Support.”

We then looked at all of the unique committees that Apple employees had contributed to, and classified them as Democratic, Republican, or neither. The FEC supplied party tags for many, but not all, federal committees. The rest were categorized by hand. Contributions to nonpartisan city council races or to judgeships when a judge did not espouse an obviously conservative or liberal ideology were classified as “neither.” Contributions to committees which promote policies classically identified with one of the political parties, like Human Rights Campaign (D), received a party label.

Our analysis spanned from 2004 to 2018. When data for a particular source were considered from a year beginning other than 2004 because of accessibility, it is explicitly mentioned.

Contributions to federal committees were collected from the FEC bulk download; contributions to state committees were collected from each of the states’ election commission websites; contributions to local committees were collected from various municipal election websites; contributions to 527 organizations were collected from the IRS website.

Findings

  • Since 2004, 95.5% of contributions by Apple employees to local committees have gone to Democrats ($83,635 versus $3,975, respectively), and 4.5% to Republicans.
  • Since 2010, 91% of Apple employee contributions to state committees have gone to Democrats, and 9% to Republicans ($374,784 versus $39,224, respectively).
  • Since 2014, 100% of Apple employee contributions to partisan 527 organizations have gone to Democrats
  • Since 2004, 90.5% of Apple employee contributions to federal committees have gone to Democrats, and 9.5% to Republicans ($5,168,070 versus $544,154, respectively).

In total, 91% of Apple employee contributions have gone to Democrats, and 9% to Republicans.

 

Top candidates and committees

Here are the candidates and committees that have been the largest recipients of employee contributions:

Candidates:

 Candidate Total receipts
 Hillary Clinton  $1,816,568
 Barack Obama  $788,350
 Bernie Sanders  $137,961
 Paul Ryan  $111,000
 Kamala Harris*  $78,347
 Rob Portman  $54,400
Dominic Rapini**  $52,420
Rahm Emanuel  $52,000

Donald Trump has received $6,786 in total from Apple employees. To put this amount in context, State Senator Scott Wiener, the Montana Democratic Party, Jill Stein, and the Franken Recount Fund received more in campaign contributions than Donald Trump from Apple employees.

*Kamala Harris received contributions as an Attorney General candidate in California, as a District Attorney candidate in the City and County of San Francisco, and as a Senate candidate from California.

*Dominic Rapini contributed $49,920 to his own campaign and singlehandedly represents over 50% of Apple employees’ contributions to Republican candidates in the 2018 cycle.

Committees:

Committee Total Receipts
Democratic National Committee $681,123
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee $116,972
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee $70,041
Emily’s List $62,925
Republican National Committee $31,778
Americans for Responsible Solutions $30,600
MoveOn.Org $26,334

Emily’s List is dedicated to electing pro-choice, Democratic female candidates. Americans for Responsible Solutions is a SuperPAC that advocates for gun control. MoveOn.Org is a progressive public policy advocacy organization.

Other observations

Of the 1,380 committees that were categorized as Republican or Democratic oriented, 1,104 were Democratic and 276 were Republican.

Presidential races

Here are recent presidential candidates and how much they received from Apple employees:

Presidential Candidate Total Receipts
Hillary Clinton $1,816,568
Barack Obama $788,350
Bernie Sanders $137,961
Mitt Romney $55,920
John Kerry $48,924
Ron Paul $34,007
Jill Stein $10,525
Ted Cruz $8,457
Donald Trump $6,786
Rand Paul $5,068
John Edwards $4,800

Regional differences

As in our recent Amazon analysis, there is a pronounced regional difference in propensity to give to Republicans or Democrats. Among Apple employees living outside of California, 74% contributed to Democrats and 26% to Republicans. Among California residents, including those working at the headquarters in Cupertino, CA, the percentage given to Democrats exceeds 90%.

2018 cycle

Of the top 100 committee recipients of Apple employees’ contributions, 5 are Republican and 95 are Democratic. Here are the top candidate recipients:

Candidate Total Receipts
Dominic Rapini* $52,420
Gavin Newsom $33,398
Doug Jones $25,660
Jared Golden $19,709

*Dominic Rapini is primarily self funded.

Here are the non-candidate committees that received the most in aggregate from Apple employees.

Committee Total Receipts
Emily’s List $55,685
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee $19,350
Democratic National Committee $12,310

When looking at all committees, the top grossing Republican committee other than Dominic Rapini’s campaign committee is the Republican National Committee, which has received $2,678, making it the 71st highest receiving committee in the ’18 cycle from Apple employees.

Tune back in next week for our next installment. We’ll begin covering companies in the oil and gas sector.

 

Emil Pitkin

Emil is CEO of GovPredict. He earned his BA in Mathematics from Harvard and his PhD in Statistics from the Wharton School, where he is the winner of the award for top professor. He is an alumnus of elite Silicon Valley incubator Y Combinator and has played Carnegie Hall.